D - The Dark Factor of Personality

Ethically, morally, and socially questionable behavior is part of everyday life. Psychologists use the umbrella term "dark traits" to subsume personality traits that are linked to these classes of behavior — most prominently, Machiavellianism, Narcissism, and Psychopathy (among many others). The Dark Factor of Personality (D) specifies what all dark traits have in common, i.e., their common core. You can determine your level in D at qst.darkfactor.org. Find more information about D at darkfactor.org.

Your Scores

Please find your score(s) on the D-factor and the specific dark traits (if you completed the longest version) below. For all scores, the scale ranges from 1 (very low) to 5 (very high). Below the score, your relative position (rank) compared to the other 167103 participants of this study is shown. For example, a rank of 80% means that your score is equal to or higher than the score of 80% of the participants.

In interpreting the results, please note that the participants of this study are not representative for the general population, so that the ranks are certainly inaccurate. Also note that the results can only be reliable to the extent that you responded seriously and honestly.

Here is a permanent link to your results:

Your D-Score

The Dark Factor of Personality (D) specifies the basic principle underlying all dark traits. D is the tendency to maximize one's individual utility — disregarding, accepting, or malevolently provoking disutility for others —, accompanied by beliefs that serve as justifications. Put simply, individuals high in D will ruthlessly pursue their own interests, even when it negatively affects others (or even for the sake of it), while having beliefs that justify these behaviors.

Your Score: 3.39
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very low very high
Your Rank: 94%
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Scores on specific dark traits

D can be evident in quite different more specific dark characteristics. People with high scores on D will generally score high on various, if not all, of these traits.

Egoism

Egoism is the excessive concern with one’s own pleasure or advantage at the expense of community well-being.

Your Score: 3.8
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very low very high
Your Rank: 90%
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Greed

Greed is the dissatisfaction of not having enough, combined with the desire to acquire more, i.e. an insatiable desire for more resources, monetary or other.

Your Score: 4
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very low very high
Your Rank: 95%
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0% 50% 100%

Machiavellianism

Machiavellianism is characterized by a cynical world view, manipulativeness, strategic-calculating orientation, and callous affect.

Your Score: 3.57
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very low very high
Your Rank: 89%
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Moral Disengagement

Moral Disengagement describes a set of cognitive processing styles of decisions and behavior (e.g., dehumanization, misattribution of responsibility and blame) that allow to behave unethically without feeling distress.

Your Score: 3.8
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very low very high
Your Rank: 91%
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0% 50% 100%

Narcissism

In Narcissists, ego-reinforcement is the all-consuming motive, leading to the tendencies to approach social admiration by means of self-promotion and to prevent social failure by means of self-defense.

Your Score: 3.33
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very low very high
Your Rank: 73%
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Psychological Entitlement

Psychological Entitlement describes a stable and pervasive sense that one deserves more and is entitled to more than others.

Your Score: 3.4
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very low very high
Your Rank: 88%
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0% 50% 100%

Psychopathy

Psychopathy is characterized by deficits in affect (i.e., callousness, lack of remorse or concern for others) and lack of self-control (i.e., impulsivity).

Your Score: 3.14
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very low very high
Your Rank: 84%
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Sadism

Sadism is the tendency to engage in cruel, demeaning, or aggressive behaviors for one's own pleasure and/or dominance.

Your Score: 3.5
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very low very high
Your Rank: 96%
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0% 50% 100%

Self-Centredness

Self-Centredness is the indifference or insensitiveness to the suffering and needs of others.

Your Score: 2.5
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very low very high
Your Rank: 52%
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0% 50% 100%

Spitefulness

Spitefulness is the tendency to harm others for pleasure, even if this entails harm to oneself.

Your Score: 3.17
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very low very high
Your Rank: 82%
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0% 50% 100%